The epic three day Battle of Gettysburg was fought between July 1 and July 3, 1863.  This was the "high tide" of the Confederacy, and was a Union victory, which turned the tide of the war.  On the same day, Vicksburg fell in the west.  These two victories marked the beginning of the end for the Confederacy, with nearly two bloody years of fighting before the American Civil War would end.

On July 2nd, the day's fighting included actions in the Peach Orchard, the Wheat Field, Devil's Den, Culp'and Little Roundtop.